2020 Volume 18

Bulgarian Comparative Education Society (BCES)

BCES Conference Books

ISSN 2534-8426 (online)

ISSN 1314-4693 (print)

Indexed in EBSCO, ERIC, and DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)

2020 Volume 18

Volume 18

Educational Reforms Worldwide


ISSN 1314-4693 (print)

ISSN 2534-8426 (online)

ISBN 978-619-7326-09-3 (print)

ISBN 978-619-7326-10-9 (online)


Popov, N., Wolhuter, C., de Beer, L., Hilton, G., Ogunleye, J.,

Achinewhu-Nworgu, E., Niemczyk, E. (Eds.)


Quire format 70x100/16, Printed quires 18

Book size B5–ISO (17x24 cm)

Paperback, 288 pages

Published by BCES

Printed by Investpress

Sofia, Bulgaria

May 2020


Published online: 31 May 2020

Title pages





A Picturesque Mosaic of Educational Reforms Worldwide / 9



Nikolay Popov & Marina Pironkova

School Reforms in Bulgaria from the 9th to the 21st Century / 15


Part 1: Comparative and International Education & History of Education


Charl Wolhuter

Education Reforms Worldwide: Incoming Tide for Comparative and International Education / 27


Nikolay Popov & Vera Spasenović

School Counseling: A Comparative Study in 12 Countries / 34


Akvilė Naudžiūnienė

History Education as a Form of Value Indoctrination in Soviet Lithuania / 42


Part 2: International Organizations and Education


Louw de Beer, Deon Vos & Jeannine Myburgh

Homeschooling in the BRICS Members States: A Comparative Study / 49


Deon Vos, Hennie Steyn, Louw de Beer, Charl Wolhuter & Indra Persaud

Teaching as a Career Choice: Comparing the Persistent Challenges in South Africa and Seychelles / 56


Leentjie van Jaarsveld

Female School Principals in Canada and South Africa: An Overview / 63


Obed Mfum-Mensah

“Dirty Gossips”, Transnational Policy Borrowing and Lending, and Education Policy Discourse in Sub-Saharan Africa / 70


Vesselina Kachakova

The Potential of ICTs in Education Worldwide: A Review of Several International Studies / 77


Michelle Otto

Knowledge as Currency: A Comparative Exploration of the Relationship between Education Expenditure and Gross Domestic Product in the European Union and BRICS Countries / 82


Part 3: School Education: Policies, Innovations, Practices & Entrepreneurship


Gillian L.S. Hilton

Elective Home Schooling in England: A Policy in Need of Reform? / 87


Karen Biraimah & Brianna Kurtz

An Innovative Reform of Secondary Education for Immigrant Students in Southeastern USA / 95


Godsend T. Chimbi & Loyiso C. Jita

Putting the Cart before the Horse: Curriculum Reform Policy and Teachers’ Pedagogical Preferences / 102


Joana Quinta & Teresa Almeida Patatas

The Historical and Political Contexts that Led to the Educational Reforms in Angola / 109


Vimbi Petrus Mahlangu

Understanding Toxic Leadership in Higher Education Work Places through Betrayal Trauma Theory / 115


Maja Ljubetic, Toni Maglica & Željana Vukadin

Social and Emotional Learning and Play in Early Years / 122


Mashraky Mustary

The Impact of Teacher-Student Relationships in Public Schools, Private Schools, and Madrasahs in Bangladesh / 129


Claudio-Rafael Vasquez-Martinez, Felipe Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Francisco Flores, Martha Guerra, Jose-Gerardo Cardona-T,  Liliana Valdez-Jimenez, Piero Espino, Eugenia Olaguez, Humberto Muñoz, Jorge Chavoya, Hector Rendon, Luz-María Zúñiga, Yolanda Franco, Sandra-Yarely Rojas-Garcia, Maria-Ines Alvarez, Joaquin Torres-Mata, Erik-Moises Betancourt-Nuñez, Sergio-Esteban Rodriguez-Ramirez, Miguel Alvarez-Gomez, Jesus Cabral-Araiza, Carlos Anguiano

Development of Careful, Creative and Critical Thought According to the Philosophy of Matthew Lipman: A Proposal for Inclusion in Basic Education / 135


Amelia Molina, Adriana Estrada & José Luis Andrade

Human Rights Policies: A Comparative Analysis of Mexico – Costa Rica / 141


Part 4: Higher Education & Teacher Education and Training


Magdalin Nji Anim & Gertrude Shotte

Leadership Roles, Women and Higher Education: Lessons from the University of Buea, Cameroon / 148


Marie J. Myers

Evaluation of an Academic Unit for Quality Assurance: Also Looking into Culture / 156


Gordana Stankovska, Ruvejda Braha & Svetlana Pandiloska Grncharovska

Relationship between Optimism-Pessimism, Learning Style and Teaching Style among Medical Students / 163


Part 5: Law and Education


Elizabeth Achinewhu-Nworgu

Examining How Students Are Engaging in Their Teaching and Learning Activities: A Case Study of Higher Education Students in a London University, London Campus / 170


André du Plessis

Statutory Curtailment of School Autonomy: Recent Movements on the Centralization-Decentralization Continuum in South African Education / 177


Sharon Thabo Mampane

Exploring Academic Promotion Practices within Higher Education Institutions: Enablers and Constraints in the Physical Space / 184


Queen Chioma Nworgu

A Critical Overview of the Impact of Social Media on Online Small Businesses Owned and Run by Women Entrepreneurs: A Case Study of London-based Female E-entrepreneurs / 191


Uchechi Bel-Ann Ordu

Entrepreneurial Leadership in Start-up Businesses / 197


Sharon Thabo Mampane

Understanding and Application of the Institutional Performance Management System within Higher Education Institution Departments / 205


Tebogo Jillian Mampane

School Inspectors’ Role of Supporting Mathematics Educators in South African Township Schools / 212


Chinuru Chituru Achinewhu

The Future of the African Child: Protecting the Right to Education of Internally Displaced Children in Nigeria / 219


Part 6: Research Education & Research Practice


Ewelina K. Niemczyk

The Academic Research Enterprise: Current Climate Worldwide / 226


Franciska Bothma

Accountability as a Mechanism towards Professionalizing Teaching in Higher Education / 233


Zoltán Rónay & Ewelina K. Niemczyk

Institutional and Individual Autonomy in Relation to Research Productivity in Hungarian and South African Higher Education Contexts / 240


JP Rossouw

Developing a Faculty Research Culture in Higher Education: A South African Perspective / 248


Nataša Matović & Emina Hebib

Engagement of Teachers in School Practice Research in Serbian Context / 255


Klara Skubic Ermenc

Approaches to Inclusive Education in Slovenia from a Comparative Angle / 262


Oliver Tafadzwa Gore

Capabilities That Matter Most for Disadvantaged Students in South African Universities / 270


Dairai Darlington Dziwa & Louise Postma

Building Creative Capacities through Art Teacher Education in Zimbabwe / 277


List of Contributors / 284


BCES Conference Books / 287

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